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11 Oct 2016 

CNN.com - Norway stiffens drunken-driving law




By Douglas Herbert, CNN.com Europe writer

LONDON, England (CNN) -- Norwegian drivers could face stiff fines and suspended licenses under a draconian new drunken-driving law that critics say goes too far.

The law, which took effect on New Year's Day, makes it a crime for Norwegians to drive if they have a blood-alcohol level of more than 0.2 grams per litre.

Opponents say the new limit is so low that unwitting drivers might fall afoul of police simply by biting into a piece of alcohol-filled chocolate, taking cough syrup or sipping Eplemost, a cider-like national drink.

The new "blood-alcohol content" limit means that a 150-pound man who drinks 16 ounces of beer in an hour -- about one-and-a-third mugs -- could find himself in danger of being considered legally intoxicated if pulled over.

A 120-pound woman would have to stop drinking sooner -- before finishing her first 12-ounce mug of beer. (One 4-ounce glass of wine, imbibed over the same 60-minute period, is sufficient to put both people over the legal driving limit.)

Norway's law lowers the bar significantly below the legally permissible 0.5-gram ceiling that has been on the country's books since the 1930s.



It is also stricter than the 0.5- to 0.8-gram limits that are legally permissible in most Western European countries.

Norway's new law places the small Nordic nation of 4.5 million people in a small fraternity of countries -- almost all in Central and Eastern Europe -- striving to enforce a policy of virtual "zero tolerance" that opponents decry as unnecessarily stringent and unproven in effectiveness.

The only other Western European country with a legal blood-alcohol limit of 0.2 grams per litre is Sweden.

Critics of the Norwegian limit assert the new law is driven more by politics than practicalities, while supporters insist it is better to err on the side of caution where drunk-driving laws are concerned.

European policy planners in Brussels are striving to draw up a uniform drunk-driving law that would institute a legal limit of 0.5 in the EU's 15 member states. Norway is not an EU member. But sceptics point to the EU target as evidence that Norway has over-extended itself and that its 0.2 limit is destined to be short-lived.

"It's a silly law, because there is no evidence that drivers with alcohol concentrations between 0.1 (grams per litre) and 0.5 are over-represented in accidents," said one Norwegian government official, who requested anonymity.

The official said he believed the debate surrounding the 0.2 limit had assumed a "moral" dimension that drowned out reasoned arguments. "It's sort of a dui laws moral question because everyone agrees that drinking and driving do not go together."

Anna Nesje, a journalist with the Norwegian news agency NTB, noted that Norway already has strict anti-alcohol policies, including laws barring minors under 18 from buying beer drinking while driving or anyone under 20 purchasing hard liquor. Drinking outdoors is also prohibited, Nesje said.

Vidar Refvik, director of police at the Justice Ministry, said police will use the same combination of "breathalyser" and blood tests to enforce the new law as they did the old one. He predicted the lower limit will yield anywhere from 1,000 to 1,500 more arrests, a rise of about 15-20 percent.

Those who support the 0.2 ceiling tout what they see as its positive psychological message.

"I am very proud of this law," said Leif Agnar Elleset, director of the National Society for Road Safety in Norway. Elleset said Norwegian police reported 8,400 road accidents last year in which 11,560 people were injured and 340 killed. He added that about one third of the accidents were alcohol-related.

"The most important thing is that people know they cannot even think about drinking and driving. ... Today, people take a chance because they know that if they are under 0.5, nothing will happen."

Elleset believes the biggest challenge will be tackling the problem of driving under the influence of drugs.

Norway is leaving the issue of penalties for offences under its new law to the courts. First-time offenders are likely to incur a fine ranging from 6,000 to 8,000 Norwegian krona. Under the old limit, drunk drivers faced probation and maximum fines equal to 1.5 times their monthly salary.






RELATED STORIES:

South Africa holiday season marred by over 600 road deaths

December 26, 2000

'Driving under influence' culture more lenient during 1970s

November 3

Congress passes national .08 blood alcohol standard for drunken drivers

October 6, 2000

RELATED SITES:

Institute of Alcohol Studies

Eurocare

Alcoweb

Norwegian Ministry of Justice

Norwegian Ministry of Transport

National Institute for Alcohol and Drug Research

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http://www.cnn.com/2001/WORLD/europe/01/02/norway.drunk/index.html?_s=PM:WORLD
11 Oct 2016 

Smiling Sharapova plays Las Vegas charity event

Smiling Sharapova plays Las Vegas charity event

Los Angeles (AFP) - Maria Sharapova set foot on a tennis court for the first time since her positive drug test at the Australian Open on Monday, smiling throughout an appearance in the World Team Tennis Smash Hits charity event in Las Vegas.

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The Russian star, who last week earned a reduction in her drug ban that will allow her to return to tennis in April, played in two light-hearted doubles matches in the event at Caesar's Palace to benefit the Elton John AIDS Foundation.

Sharapova lost her doubles match with American youngster Taylor Johnson when they faced Martina Navratilova and Liezel Huber.

The 29-year-old indicated had felt a hint of nerves along with her 16-year-old doubles partner Johnson.

"It was a big occasion for her (Johnson) and also for me," Sharapova view website told ESPN.

"I haven't been on a court for a while, for both of us, it was to have some fun and a bit of laughs," she added.

Sharapova later paired with US legend John McEnroe in the evening's final game against Navratilova and Andy Roddick.



Sharapova had not played since testing moved here positive for meldonium at the Australian Open in January.

Her initial 24-month ban was slashed to 15 months by the Court of Arbitration for Sport last Tuesday, a ruling which has divided opinion among her peers.

http://news.yahoo.com/smiling-sharapova-plays-las-vegas-charity-event-060033182--ten.html
10 Oct 2016 

A Lawyer's Typical Day

A lawyer is a person who is authorized by the state or country to practice law, give advice to his or her clients and represent their legal matters in the courts. According to classes or ranks of jurists lawyers can be designated as advocate, attorney, barrister, counselor and solicitor. A lawyer has to study law and new laws on a regular basis to stay up to date in order to protect their clients. This is the basics of a career in law, protecting your client's freedoms and rights.

A Day In The Life Of A Lawyer.



1. Get ready to travel: Lawyers spend most of their time in offices and courtrooms. They travel to meet their clients wherever they are and homes, business places, even emergency rooms in hospitals and state or federal prisons can be a fairly regular visit depending on which area of the law a lawyer is involved. They also travel different places for meetings and to gather proof or evidence for their case that they can submit to the courts, legislative bodies, or to other high authorities of the law.

2. Irregular work hours may be the norm: Lawyers quite often have irregular work schedules and even work for several hours in discussing with clients or preparing the briefs of the case during non office hours.

3. Back to the studying board: A lawyer is also known as an attorney who acts both as an advocate and an advisor in society. The advocates represent one of their clients in criminal or civil trials by arguing and presenting evidence to the court to protect their client. On the other hand the advisors give advice to their clients regarding their business and legal personal matters. All the lawyers, whether an advocate or an advisor, have to research the purpose of laws and judicial decisions to apply them in the critical circumstances faced by their clients. The most important aspect is that a lawyer's job depends very much upon his or her own field of specialization and position. All this requires continual studying.

Types of Lawyers:

There are allot of areas to specialize in as a lawyer. This list is not exhaustive but covers some of the most popular fields you'll be able to specialize into if becoming a lawyer.

Immigration lawyer, wrongful death, traffic, tax, software, social security, securities, personal injury lawyers, patent, nursing home, mesothelioma, medical malpractice, malpractice, litigation, international, insurance, injury, fraud, employment, dwi, dui, divorce, defense, criminal, construction, corporate, compensation, car accident, bankruptcy, auto accident, assault and asbestos lawyers.

How to Become a Lawyer

To become a lawyer you'll have to attend law school via a college or university after your high school studies. There are some online law schools that offer the full Juris Doctor [JD] programs which do not require taking the law school admission test [LSAT]. It is not necessary to quit your job to become a lawyer. There are special JD programs for those students who are interested in working at the same time as pursuing their education in their spare time.

Simply conduct further research online by searching for the keywords of "online law degrees" or "juris degree from home" with quotes around the keywords.

By: Robt Barlow

Article Directory:

Learn about purple orchid tree, rosemary tree and other information at the Gardening Central site.

http://www.articledashboard.com/Article/A-Lawyer-s-Typical-Day/1198655

07 Oct 2016 

Tips for Teaching Children: Who Was Samuel in the Bible?

Many adults become so familiar with certain Bible stories that they could forget children may not have the same level of knowledge. In fact, children may have many questions like "Who was King David," or "Who was Samuel in the Bible?"

A good way to overcome this comprehension gap is with lots of information and related browse around this website interactive activities such as art projects, books and pretend play about the Bible hero Samuel.  

Credit: Distant Shores Media/Sweet Publishing under CC-BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons,

Fun Facts About Samuel in the Bible

Use some or all of these facts about Samuel's life to make his story easier for children to understand. Alternatively, turn this list into a series of questions to use in Bible bowls or as trivia questions.

Heritage

Samuel's parents were Hannah and Elkanah.

Elkanah was a Levite. Levites served God by working in the temple.

Other famous Levites like Elkanah and Samuel are:

Aaron

Moses

John the Baptist.

Back Story

Hannah prayed for a baby and promised to dedicate the child to God.

In Bible times, names had meanings and often described a person's character, skills or other attributes. For instance, Pharaoh's daughter chose the name Moses for the baby she found floating in a basket on the Nile because Moses means, "drawn from the water." Samuel means, "Heard of God" or "Asked of God."

His parents took Samuel to the temple to enter God's service when he was just a toddler.

Samuel's parents came to visit him at the temple regularly.

Biblical Worship

In Bible times, people went to tabernacles (moveable tents) to worship instead of church buildings.

The priests (Levites) led the worship services and helped the people make sacrifices and offerings to God. Their jobs were like those of church deacons and elders.

The head priest was similar to our present day pastors.

Eli was the head priest when Samuel went to live at the tabernacle; he was Samuel's teacher.

Samuel became the high priest when Eli died.

God chose Samuel as his prophet: Samuel heard someone call his name four times while he was sleeping.

Samuel did not recognize God's voice, but Eli realized who was calling out to Samuel.

Work History

Samuel was about three years old when he went to live at the tabernacle and learn to be a priest.

Samuel had at least four important jobs:

High priest

Prophet

Warrior/leader

Judge

In biblical times, the judges were similar to minor governmental officials such as governors;  Samuel was the last of the judges.

He was the first of the major prophets.

As a warrior, he led the Israelites in a successful battle against the Philistines.

King-Makers

In our world today, there are people called king-makers. These influential people can help other people get into positions of power such as Congress or the office of President. Samuel could be considered a biblical king-maker because God chose him to find and anoint the first two kings of Israel.

Extension Activities for the Story of Samuel

You may think of other questions or facts about Samuel children would want to know. If you are teaching early elementary students, extend this lesson by asking the children what questions they have. This uncovers any areas where students may need more explanations to help them understand. Assess comprehension for other students with pop quizzes or essay questions.

Early Childhood Education Tips

Keep in mind that at the early childhood education level, students understand concrete rather than abstract ideas, so keep it simple and use illustrations they can relate to. For example, "Samuel was a little child just like you when he went to live at the temple and help Eli."



Tips for Older Students

If you are working with older students who read and write independently, a good class project is reading the scriptures to uncover more facts about Samuel because most students love the idea of being detectives. Bible Detectives 1 Samuel by Marianne Ross is a fun Bible study that uses interactive methods like puzzles to keep students engaged while they hunt down clues, and using it saves the time of creating a lesson plan and related materials.

Arts & Crafts

Another hands-on way to extend lessons like this one is to encourage the children to make a drawing or poster about their favorite thing about Samuel or the part of his story that they liked best.

Pretend Plays and Dramas

Almost all children enjoy acting out Bible stories, and the story of Samuel is dramatized quickly with a few simple props.

DIY Bible Costumes and Props

Adult size knit shirts (plain colors or with vertical stripes) make authentic looking tunics.

Use belts or scarves to cinch in the waist and shorten the garments so the children will not trip.

Wrap large pieces of rectangular shaped fabric or scarves around the head to create head coverings.

Let the children take their off their shoes and socks. (Many people went barefoot in Bible days.)

Oversized plastic candy canes left over from Christmas decorations make excellent staffs.

Use blankets, cots or large towels to make beds for Samuel and Eli.

Ask parents and caregivers to donate these items or pick them up at the local thrift stores.

Tips for Dramatizing Samuel's Story

Write the names of the children on slips of paper. Pick out slips to choose the students to play Samuel, Eli and God. (This eliminates most classroom battles about fairness.)

For younger students, the teacher can be the narrator and visit site tell the story. Older students can tell the story in their own words.

If the class is small enough, rotate through the drama several times to give everyone a chance to play a part. For larger classes, consider letting the other students sing a song or play rhythm instruments at the end of the mini-play.

Make and Takes

Use a digital camera to take pictures of the pretend play. Print the pictures out and bring them back to class the next week. Offer the children an assortment of art supplies such as large pieces of construction paper, markers, crayons, and glue. Encourage them to use the pictures and art supplies to make posters, and then use the posters to decorate the classroom.  

The Boy Prophet - Samuel

Book List for Lesson Extension

Reading books about Samuel is another great way to help children retain new information longer, and as a bonus, it helps them realize that people that they read about in the Bible were real people, not fictional characters.

Some good books to try are:

Samuel: The Boy Who Listened by Mackenzie Carine

The Books of 1 & 2 Samuel (Illustrated Bible)

The Almighty Bible - 1 Samuel

God Speaks to Samuel by Penny Frank

Samuel and the Wake Up Call by Jane L. Fryar

Find these books at the local public library or buy them from booksellers like Amazon or Barnes and Noble.



By using some or all of the methods offered here to answer the question "Who was Samuel in the Bible, children get better understanding of this important Old Testament prophet.

Resources

Donna Cosmato is a former school administrator and educator as well as a lay children's minister. For more free Sunday School lessons and teaching resources, visit her website Christian Education Plus.

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http://www.infobarrel.com/Who_Was_Samuel_in_the_Bible
07 Oct 2016 

How to Become an Energy Auditor

A career as an energy auditor is being sought-after these days as people are becoming more aware about environmental protection. Recent tax incentives on getting an energy audit done has also made many people to seek the help of professional energy auditors. If you are an aspiring energy auditor or someone who is looking for a career change, then we would like to tell you that this field of work has tremendous potential and can very well, in the next few years, become one of the fastest growing occupations.

An energy auditor inspects a building, process or system to analyze how energy is being used. He carries out a thorough inspection of the building and checks the efficiency of various energy-consuming appliances. This includes tracking the energy losses due to heating, ventilating and air conditioning systems (HVAC). After conducting the inspection and studying the results, it is the responsibility of the energy auditor to make recommendations for upgrades and modifications which can help in conservation of energy. The duties and responsibilities of an energy auditor can be summarized as follows -

Energy auditor has to carry out the inspection of energy appliances on a frequent basis to ensure that those are working efficiently so that electricity is conserved in the house.



Energy auditors working with organizations are responsible for preparing an annual activity plan to help the organization to cut down on its energy costs.

Energy auditors have to look for potential ways through which energy can be conserved and implement these methods to help in energy-saving.

Energy auditors are entrusted to estimate the costs associated with upgrading the energy appliances and come air conditioning units cost up with a projection for various replacement costs.

Energy auditors are also responsible for recommending alternative sources of energy, like solar and wind energy so that non-renewable sources of energy are conserved.

Becoming an Energy Auditor

The energy audit industry is going to grow in the next coming years as local and national legislation is focusing more on energy conservation and environmental protection. Becoming an energy auditor can ensure that you are stepping into a lucrative career along with the personal satisfaction that you are doing your bit for the welfare of the environment. The requirements for becoming an energy auditor depend to a large extent on whether you are working independently or with an organization. Organizations usually require a bachelor's degree in engineering or a graduate degree with specialization in engineering. Some organizations may also require an additional Master's degree or experience in business management. As energy auditing isn't a standardized profession, there are no set rules about the qualifications to become an energy auditor. This has presented an opportunity to many aspiring candidates as they can start their careers as individual energy auditors by completing certain certification programs. Some of the reputed agencies that offer certification courses to aspiring candidates are:

The Building Performance Institute (BPI)

Energy Audit Institute (EAI)

The Residential Energy Services Network (RESNET)

The Association of Energy Engineers (AEE)

Energy auditors employed with organizations spend some time working under an experienced energy auditor to gain experience. Independent energy auditors on the other hand have their task cut out as they have to gain a reputation and market themselves to make their presence felt in this field.

Salary



The average salary of energy auditor in United States is in the range of $26,000 to $70,000. Like every other field, the salary is influenced by factors such as educational qualifications, experience and the type of employer. Energy auditors who have no experience can expect a salary in the range of $30,000 to $40,000. Chicago, San Francisco and Bismarck are some cities which offer good employment opportunities to energy auditors.

The employment outlook for energy auditing is positive as more and more people are becoming aware about the threat that environmental decay poses to mankind. Another silver lining is the tax incentives associated with carrying out an energy audit, which will help in creating more demand for energy auditors. So, aspiring individuals can rest assured that this field which is at a nascent stage right now has a tremendous potential to burgeon.

http://www.buzzle.com/articles/how-to-become-an-energy-auditor.html

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